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andrew jacksonEnlarge Andrew Jackson (1767-1845)

On June 6, 1833, President Andrew Jackson and his entourage set out from the White House in carriages on a tour of the Northeast. Twelve miles outside of Baltimore, they were invited to travel the last leg of their journey into that city on a B&O passenger train. Jackson graciously accepted the offer, and just "a few minutes" later by the President's own reckoning, his party was pulling into Baltimore in a string of "carriages . . . drawn by a fine locomotive engine." So it was that Jackson became the first sitting American President to travel by train.

Albert Newsam (1809-1864), after William James Hubard
Lithograph, 1830
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution