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Edward Hopper 18821967
Edward Hopper was twenty-one when he created this quietly confident charcoal self-portrait. The drawing reveals the influence of his teacher, Robert Henri, in its informal pose, its gestural strokes, and its black-and-white modeling. Hopper's depiction of himself in a jacket and roll-neck sweater (precursor of today's turtleneck) demonstrates his wish to be seen as youthful, unpretentious, and modern. Such sweaters were popular for outdoor athletics such as football and cycling.

Although two decades would pass before Hopper attained recognition for his realist paintings, this drawing already indicates Hopper's concern with the psychology of the individual. In 1935, following his first retrospective, Hopper remarked: "In every artist's development the germ of the later work is always found in the earlier. . . . What he was once, he always is, with slight modifications."

Charcoal on paper, 1903
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
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