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Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery

  List of Portrait Reproductions
  Suggested Activities
  Andrew Oliver
  Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
  Rufus King
  John Jay
  Summative Activities
  Related Web Sites
  Unit 2
  Unit 3
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Unit 1: From Revolution to Constitution

National Standards Alignments for Teaching United States History:

Era 3: Revolution and the New Nation (1754–1820s)

National Standards Alignments in Historical Thinking:

  1. Chronological thinking
  2. Historical comprehension
  3. Historical analysis and interpretation
  4. Historical research capabilities
  5. Historical issues-analysis and decision-making

Grade Levels: 5–12


  1. To match the names of selected eighteenth-century statesmen in the exhibition with their portraits and to understand the significant contributions made by each individual.
  2. To examine the causes of the American Revolution, to understand the strengths and weaknesses of each side, and to explain the reasons for the American victory.
  3. To understand the purpose and to evaluate the accomplishments of the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention.
  4. To examine the fundamental aspects of the American political system established by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.