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Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery

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Unit 3: Abolition and the Civil War

National Standards Alignments for Teaching United States History:

Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801–1861)
Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850–1877)

National Standards Alignments in Historical Thinking:

  1. Chronological thinking
  2. Historical comprehension
  3. Historical analysis and interpretation
  4. Historical research capabilities
  5. Historical issues-analysis and decision-making

Grade Levels: 5–12


  1. To match the names of selected abolitionists, statesmen, and Union generals represented in the exhibition with their portraits.
  2. To discuss each sitter's role in the events that culminated in the Civil War.
  3. To list and discuss complex issues that threatened to permanently divide the northern states from those in the South.

Objectives | Portrait List | Introduction | Statesmen | Abolitionists
Union Generals | Summative Activities | Bibliography | Related Sites
Unit 1 | Unit 2 | Home | Evaluation Form | View Posted Evaluations
Lesson Plan Submission Form | View Posted Lesson Plans | Search

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