The Portraits

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Carrie Amelia Moore Nation

Artist
White Studio, active 1903 - 1936
Sitter
Carrie Amelia Moore Nation, 25 Nov 1846 - 9 Jun 1911
Date
c. 1903
Type
Photograph
Medium
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions
Sheet: 14.1 x 9.8cm (5 9/16 x 3 7/8")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6cm (18 x 14")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number
NPG.80.197
Exhibition Label
"She fears no man, counts no cost, asks no quarter, and gives none to friend or foe," exclaimed a fellow reformer about Carrie Nation, the temperance leader renowned for using direct action to shut down illegal saloons. After Nation's first marriage broke up because of her husband's alcoholism, she remarried and settled in Kansas, a state that had banned liquor sales in 1880. Concerned that prohibition was only lightly enforced, she founded a local chapter of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union and began a campaign for more vigorous prosecution of state liquor laws. When moral suasion failed to curb illegal activity, she turned first to public demonstrations and later to outright vandalism against offending saloons. Most famously, Nation stormed into barrooms wielding a hatchet that she used to break bottles and disrupt business. Often arrested and fined, she attracted national attention to the temperance cause.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
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National Portrait Gallery Collection