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Philadelphia Contributionship Fire Mark

date made
Object Name
fire mark
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
lead (overall material)
board: 15 7/8 in x 11 11/16 in x 7/8 in; 40.3225 cm x 29.6164 cm x 2.2225 cm
overall: wt 101 oz
hands: 9 1/2 in x 8 3/4 in x 1 1/4 in; 24.13 cm x 22.225 cm x 3.175 cm
Credit Line
Gift of CIGNA Museum and Art Collection
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Description (Brief)
Beginning in the 1750s, some American insurance companies issued metal fire marks to policyholders to signify that their property was insured against fire damage. The fire marks bore the name and/or symbol of the insurer, and some included the customer’s policy number. The company or agent would then affix the mark to the policyholder’s home or business. For owners the mark served as proof of insurance and a deterrent against arson. For insurance companies the mark served as a form of advertising, and alerted volunteer firefighters that the property was insured.
The Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire issued this fire mark for policies 334 and 335 to Jacob Cooper for four properties, at numbers 118, 120, 122 and 124 on Cuthbert Street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1755. The fire mark consists of the company’s symbol cast in lead showing four hands clasped at the wrist painted red, attached to a varnished shield-shaped wooden backing. The Philadelphia Contributionship was established in 1752, becoming the first successful fire insurance company in America. Benjamin Franklin was one of its founding members. The Contributionship began as a mutual insurance company and this concept is represented by its “Hand in Hand” fire mark. The Philadelphia Contributionship is still in operation.
Currently not on view
Data Source
National Museum of American History
See more items in
Cultural and Community Life: Fire Fighting and Law Enforcement
Cultures & Communities
Firefighting Collection
Fire Marks
place made
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia