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Stokely Carmichael and H. Rap Brown

Stokely Carmichael and H. Rap Brown
Usage Conditions Apply
Artist
James E. Hinton, Jr., 1936 - 19 Feb 2006
Sitter
Stokely Carmichael, 1941 - 1998
H. Rap Brown, born 4 Oct 1943
Date
1968 (printed 2001)
Type
Photograph
Medium
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions
Image: 34.2 x 23.4 cm (13 7/16 x 9 3/16")
Sheet: 35.4 x 27.9 cm (13 15/16 x 11")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9 cm (28 x 22")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
Copyright
© The Estate of James E. Hinton
Object number
NPG.2001.47
Exhibition Label
Frustrated by what they regarded as slow progress in the struggle for equality and angered by the repressive tactics employed by civil rights opponents, Stokely Carmichael and H. Rap Brown emerged in the mid-1960s as leaders of an increasingly militant faction of activists who called for black autonomy rather than integration. Carmichael’s experiences as a Freedom Rider in the 1961 campaign to desegregate interstate transportation in the South and his subsequent work as a field organizer with the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) fueled his decision to abandon the long- favored tactic of passive resistance.
Adopting “Black Power” as a rallying cry, Carmichael broke with SNCC and accepted a lead- ership role with the separatist Black Panther Party. SNCC veteran H. Rap Brown, whose claim that “violence is as American as cherry pie” signaled a radical schism within the civil rights movement, soon joined him.
Frustrados con lo que consideraban el lento avance de la lucha por la igualdad, e indignados por las tácticas represivas de los opositores al movimiento de derechos civiles, Stokely Carmichael y H. Rap Brown surgieron a mediados de los años sesenta como líderes de una facción activista cada vez más militante que reclamaba la autonomía para el pueblo negro, y no la integración. La experiencia de Carmichael como Freedom Rider en la campaña de 1961 para eliminar la segregación en la transportación interestatal en el sur del país y su posterior labor como organizador
de campo con el Comité Coordinador Estudiantil No Violento (SNCC) influyó en su decisión de abandonar la favorecida táctica de la resistencia pacífica.
Adoptando el lema de batalla “Poder Negro”, Carmichael rompió con el SNCC y aceptó un papel protagónico en el separatista Partido Panteras Negras. Pronto se le unió H. Rap Brown, veterano del SNCC cuyo argumento de que “la violencia es tan americana como el pastel de cereza” fue signo de una división radical dentro del movimiento de los derechos civiles.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection