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The Café and Courtyard will be closed Sunday, Nov. 17 in preparation for a special event. The museums will close at 5:00 pm, at which point visitors will be directed to exit through the building’s F street lobby. The G street exit and ramp will remain accessible to those who need it. We apologize for any inconvenience.

Ida B. Wells-Barnett

Sallie E. Garrity, c. 1862 - 1907
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, 16 Jul 1862 - 25 Mar 1931
c. 1893
Albumen silver print
Image/Sheet: 13.9 x 9.8 cm (5 1/2 x 3 7/8")
Mount: 16.3 x 10.7 cm (6 7/16 x 4 3/16")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6 cm (18 x 14")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: American\African American
Exhibition Label
Born Holly Springs, Mississippi
The daughter of former slaves, Ida B. Wells sued the Chesapeake, Ohio, and Southwestern Railway in 1883 after being dragged from her seat for refusing to move to a segregated railcar. Her anger over this incident spurred her to begin contributing articles to black-owned newspapers; she became part owner and editor of the Memphis Free Speech and Headlight in 1889. After three black businessmen were lynched in Memphis in 1892, Wells launched what became a four-decade-long anti-lynching crusade. She vigorously investigated other lynchings and published her groundbreaking treatise on the topic, Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Votes for Women: A Portrait of Persistence
On View
NPG, South Gallery 120
United States\Illinois\Cook\Chicago