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Harold Hart Crane

Artist
Carl Schmitt, 1889 - 25 Oct 1989
Sitter
Harold Hart Crane, 21 Jul 1899 - 27 Apr 1932
Date
After 1917
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on metal support
Dimensions
Metal Support: 44.5 x 36.8 cm (17 1/2 x 14 1/2")
Frame: 59.4 × 51.8 × 3.8 cm (23 3/8 × 20 3/8 × 1 1/2")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Carl Schmitt Foundation
Restrictions & Rights
© 2004 Carl Schmitt Foundation
Object number
NPG.2009.45
Exhibition Label
In 1917, Harold Hart Crane fled his parents’ disintegrating household in Ohio for New York City, where he attempted to find work and create an artistic life for himself. In New York he met a twenty-seven-year-old artist/intellectual named Carl Schmitt, who took Crane under his wing. Schmitt was Crane’s tutor in modernism, and he played an essential role in Crane’s transition from an unformed aspiring midwestern writer to the most ecstatic American poet of the city since Walt Whitman. Crane’s great book-length poem The Bridge (1930)—named after the Brooklyn Bridge—took seven years to write and is packed with the sense that the poet was nearly overwhelmed by the romance of modern life. Crane reveled in the manic energy of the city in all its aspects: from the din of construction to the promise of late-night sexual encounters. Crane swallowed the city whole, giving back in his incantory verse a sense of the possibilities and varieties of human experience. It couldn’t last. Still young, Crane came down with a terrible case of writer’s block and, in despair, committed suicide at age thirty-three. In this group of images, Carl Schmitt’s later portrait of his young protégé is fogged, indistinct, and mysterious—suggesting the ultimate mysteriousness of Crane’s personality that led him to his tragically early death.
Provenance
The artist; his estate; The Carl Schmitt Foundation, Wilton, Conn.; gift 2009 to NPG
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
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National Portrait Gallery Collection