IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and media viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. Visit the IIIF page to learn more.
Usage Conditions Apply
Frances Benjamin Johnston, 15 Jan 1864 - 16 May 1952
Booker T. Washington, 5 Apr 1856 - 14 Nov 1915
Andrew Carnegie, 25 Nov 1835 - 11 Aug 1919
Gelatin silver print
Image/Sheet: 18.3 x 23.3 cm (7 3/16 x 9 3/16")
Mount: 20.2 x 33 cm (7 15/16 x 13")
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions & Rights
Booker T. Washington and Andrew Carnegie-both seated at center-encapsulate much of nineteenth-century America. Both were self-made men: Carnegie was an immigrant who built a manufacturing empire and amassed enormous wealth; Washington was a former slave who became an African American leader during one of the harshest periods of American race relations. Carnegie determined that the ultimate purpose of wealth was to improve society; Washington founded Tuskegee Institute to enable his people to make economic progress. Carnegie was one of Tuskegee's benefactors. Speaking at the school's twenty-fifth anniversary when this picture was taken, Carnegie praised Washington as the best "climber" the world has ever seen.