Wood-engraving with letterpress and color woodcut on paper
Sheet: 52.5 x 41.9 cm (20 11/16 x 16 1/2")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9 cm (28 x 22")
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; acquired through the generosity of Sidney Hart and David C. Ward
This broadside, published in January 1812 after the special session of Congress called by President Madison to consider war against Great Britain, warns other nations not to interfere in American commerce and affirms the power of "the First Great Western Empire: or, the United States of America." The upper left contains the preamble of the Declaration of Independence; an excerpt of George Washington’s Farewell Address extolling "the Unity of government [and] . . . people" is on the upper right. Timothy Dwight’s popular poem "Columbia," celebrating the "glories of America," is on the bottom left. Writing in the upper left circle reads: "We wish for the friendship of all—We will submit to the insults of NONE"; in the upper right circle: "The ocean is the highway of nations—Heaven alone has a right to command it."