General George C. Marshall was instrumental in winning the Allied victory in World War II and, afterward, in securing the peace and stability of battle-scarred Europe through the Marshall Plan, the highly successful program of American aid named for him. Marshall appeared on six Time covers between 1940 and 1948, and all were done by artists other than Chaliapin. Two of the covers depicted him as Man of the Year: the first when he was U.S. Army chief of staff, and the second when he was secretary of state. This work represents the only occasion when Boris Chaliapin ever portrayed Marshall, but Time never used it on the cover. Given Marshall’s civilian attire and the military imagery depicted in the canopy of gray clouds, this portrait was likely done when he was secretary of defense (1950–51).