National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the Smithsonian American Art Museum; gift of the International Business Machines Corporation to the Smithsonian Institution, 1962
Born Point Pleasant, Ohio
Artist Samuel Bell Waugh painted this portrait of Ulysses S. Grant just days after he became the nation’s eighteenth president. Waugh’s depiction of Grant in uniform, instead of civilian clothes, was indicative of how most Americans thought of their new president. Whereas Northerners hailed him as a victor and hero, Southerners saw Grant as the Yankee soldier who was most responsible for the Confederate defeat.
International Business Machines Corporation, Armonk, N.Y.; gift to Smithsonian 1962; transferred 1965 to NPG.