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Henry Laurens

Henry Laurens
Artist
John Singleton Copley, 3 Jul 1738 - 9 Sep 1815
Sitter
Henry Laurens, 6 Mar 1724 - 8 Dec 1792
Date
1782
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
137.5cm x 103cm (54 1/8" x 40 9/16"), Accurate
Frame: 155.9 x 121.9 x 9.2cm (61 3/8 x 48 x 3 5/8")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Gallery of Art; gift of the A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, 1942
Object number
NPG.65.45
Exhibition Label
Born Charles Town (now Charleston), South Carolina
South Carolina merchant and planter Henry Laurens, sent by the Continental Congress to secure a much-needed loan from Holland, was captured by the British on the high seas and imprisoned for fifteen months in the Tower of London. Finally exchanged after the Battle of Yorktown­ for General Charles Cornwallis, Laurens posed for his portrait in his capacity as president of the Continental Congress (1777–78). Shortly thereafter he was instructed to join Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams as a member of the peace commission. Laurens arrived in Paris just two days before the preliminary treaty bringing the Revolutionary War to a close was signed on November 30, 1782. He inserted a line in the treaty to prevent the British army from “carrying away any Negroes or other property.” During the war, the British had destabilized the South by promising to liberate slaves who fled from their masters; many did so, and this clause was intended to restore those slaves to their masters.
Provenance
Richard Bagwell [1840-1918], Marlfield House, Clonmel, Ireland; his widow Harriet Bagwell; (Lewis and Simmons, London); sold 29 March 1920 to Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York; sold as part of Clarke collection through (M. Knoedler and Co., New York) January 29, 1936 to The A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift to National Gallery of Art 1942; transferred 1965 to NPG.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
American Origins
On View
NPG, East Gallery 140
Usage