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Men of Progress

Artist
Christian Schussele, 16 Apr 1824 - 1879
Sitter
William Thomas Green Morton, 9 Aug 1819 - 15 Jul 1868
James Bogardus, 14 Mar 1800 - 13 Apr 1874
Samuel Colt, 19 Jul 1814 - 10 Jan 1862
Cyrus Hall McCormick, 15 Feb 1809 - 13 May 1884
Joseph Saxton, 22 Mar 1799 - 26 Oct 1873
Charles Goodyear, 29 Dec 1800 - 1 Jul 1860
Peter Cooper, 12 Feb 1791 - 4 Apr 1883
Jordan Lawrence Mott, 12 Oct 1799 - 1866
Joseph Henry, 17 Dec 1797 - 13 May 1878
Eliphalet Nott, 25 Jun 1773 - 29 Jan 1866
John Ericsson, 31 Jul 1803 - 8 Mar 1889
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels, 20 Sep 1819 - 8 Mar 1895
Samuel Finley Breese Morse, 27 Apr 1791 - 2 Apr 1872
Henry Burden, 22 Apr 1791 - 19 Jan 1871
Richard March Hoe, 19 Jul 1815 - 13 Sep 1884
Erastus Brigham Bigelow, 2 Apr 1814 - 6 Dec 1879
Isaiah Jennings, 1792 - 1862
Thomas Blanchard, 24 Jun 1788 - 16 Apr 1864
Elias Howe, 9 Jul 1819 - 3 Oct 1867
Date
1862
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
Stretcher: 128.3 x 190.5 x 5.1cm (50 1/2 x 75 x 2")
Frame: 162.6 x 225.7 x 12.7cm (64 x 88 7/8 x 5")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Gallery of Art; gift of the A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, 1942
Object number
NPG.65.60
Culture
Henry Burden: European\British\Scottish
John Ericsson: European\Scandinavian\Swedish
Exhibition Label
In 1857, the inventor of a coal-burning stove, Jordan Mott, commissioned Christian Schussele to paint a group portrait of eighteen American scientists and inventors who "had altered the course of contemporary civilization." As with Schussele's celebration of American letters, Washington Irving . . . at Sunnyside, the group portrait did not mark an actual occasion but was designed to honor the achievements of American industry. The artist sketched study portraits of each of his subjects before putting them all into his final, formal composition. Men of Progress is a remarkable document of the growth of the American economy by the 1850s as it celebrates the inventions and processes of manufacturing pioneered by men such as Cyrus McCormick, Charles Goodyear, Samuel Colt, Samuel Morse, Elias Howe, and fourteen others.
Provenance
Jordan Lawrence Mott; Mott family; (M. Knoedler & Co., New York); purchased 21 January 1937 by The A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift to NGA 1942; transferred 1965 to NPG.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
American Origins
On View
NPG, East Gallery 120
Place
United States\Pennsylvania\Philadelphia\Philadelphia