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Jessie Redmon Fauset

Jessie Redmon Fauset
Usage Conditions Apply
Artist
Laura Wheeler Waring, 1887 - 1948
Sitter
Jessie Redmon Fauset, 1882 - 1961
Date
1945
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
Stretcher: 91.9 × 76.7 × 2.9 cm (36 3/16 × 30 3/16 × 1 1/8")
Frame: 105.4 x 90.2 x 6.4cm (41 1/2 x 35 1/2 x 2 1/2")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Harmon Foundation
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
Copyright
© Estate of Laura Wheeler Waring
Object number
NPG.67.82
Exhibition Label
Born Camden County, New Jersey
Jessie Redmon Fauset was the first African American woman to be accepted into the chapter of Phi Beta Kappa at Cornell University, where she graduated with honors in 1905. Fauset taught high school at M Street High School (now Dunbar High School) in Washington, D.C., until 1919, when she moved to New York City to serve as the literary editor of the NAACP’s official magazine, The Crisis. In that role, she worked alongside W. E. B. Du Bois to help usher in the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s. Indeed, the poet Langston Hughes acknowledged that she was among those who “midwifed the . . . New Negro literature into being.” Fauset also published four novels, including Plum Bun (1929). Laura Wheeler Waring made this portrait for the Harmon Foundation’s exhibition Portraits of Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin. During the 1940s and 1950s, the show traveled the nation, serving as a visual rebuttal to racism.
Nacida en el Condado de Camden, Nueva Jersey
Jessie Redmon Fauset fue la primera afroamericana en ser aceptada en la división de Phi Beta Kappa de la Universidad de Cornell, donde se graduó con honores en 1905. Fauset fue profesora en la escuela secundaria M Street High School (hoy Dunbar High School) de Washington D.C. hasta 1919, cuando se mudó a la Ciudad de Nueva York para trabajar como editora literaria en la revista oficial de la NAACP (Asociación Nacional para el Progreso de las Personas de Color, por sus siglas en inglés), titulada The Crisis. Allí, trabajó junto con W. E. B. Du Bois y ayudó a dar lugar al Renacimiento de Harlem en la década de 1920. De hecho, el poeta Langston Hughes reconoció que Fauset fue una de esas personas que hicieron de “comadronas de… la nueva literatura de los negros”. Fauset también publicó cuatro novelas, incluida Plum Bun (1929). Laura Wheeler Waring hizo este retrato para la exposición Retratos de estadounidenses destacados de origen negro organizada por la Fundación Harmon. Durante los años 40 y 50, la exposición viajó por todo el país y sirvió de refutación al racismo.
The Harmon Foundation, a philanthropic organization based in New York City and active from (1922-1967) included this portrait in their exhibition “Portraits of Outstanding Americans of Negro Origins” which documented noteworthy African Americans’ contributions to the country. Modeling their goal of social equality, the Harmon sought portraits from an African-American artist, Laura Wheeler Waring and Euro-American artist, Betsy Graves Reyneau. The two painters followed the conventional codes of academic portraiture, seeking to convey their sitters extraordinary accomplishments. This painting, along with a variety of educational materials, toured nation-wide for ten years serving as a visual rebuttal to racism.
Provenance
Harmon Foundation; gift 1967 to NPG
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
20th Century Americans: 1900-1930 (re-installation 2012)
On View
NPG, South Gallery 321
Exhibition
20th Century Americans: 1900-1930 (re-installation 2012)
On View
NPG, South Gallery 322