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William Ayers Campbell

William Ayers Campbell
Usage Conditions Apply
Artist
Betsy Graves Reyneau, 1888 - 1964
Sitter
William Ayers Campbell, 12 Apr 1917 - 24 Apr 2012
Date
1944
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
106.7cm x 78.7cm (42" x 31"), Accurate
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Harmon Foundation
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
Copyright
© Peter Edward Fayard
Object number
NPG.67.92
Exhibition Label
Born Tuskegee, Alabama
A decorated fighter pilot who served in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam, William A. “Bill” Campbell joined the military in 1942, when all branches of the armed forces were rigidly segregated. Shortly after America’s entry into World War II, Campbell enrolled in flight training at special facilities established for African American pilots and technicians at Alabama’s Tuskegee Institute (now Tuskegee University). Earning his wings in July 1942, Second Lieutenant Campbell was assigned to the U.S. Army Air Corp’s Ninety-Ninth Pursuit Squadron. On June 2, 1943, he saw action as a wingman on the inaugural combat mission carried out by the Tuskegee Airmen. The first African American pilot to bomb an enemy target, Campbell flew 106 missions and ended the war as commander of the Ninety-Ninth Fighter Squadron. Awarded two Distinguished Flying Crosses, a Bronze Star, the Legion of Merit, and thirteen Air Medals, he retired from the service as a full colonel in 1970.
Nacido en Tuskegee, Alabama
William A. “Bill” Campbell, condecorado piloto de combate que sirvió en la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Corea y Vietnam, se enlistó en 1942, cuando existía una rígida segregación racial en todas las ramas de las fuerzas armadas. Poco después de que Estados Unidos entrara en la guerra mundial, Campbell se inscribió en un programa de adiestramiento de pilotos en las instalaciones especiales establecidas para pilotos y técnicos afroamericanos en el Tuskegee Institute (ahora Tuskegee University) de Alabama. Se graduó en julio de 1942 con el grado de teniente segundo y fue asignado al 99no Escuadrón de Combate de la Fuerza Aérea del Ejército de Estados Unidos. El 2 de junio de 1943 entró en acción como copiloto de la primera misión del grupo afroamericano conocido como “los aviadores de Tuskegee”. Campbell fue el primer piloto afroamericano que bombardeó un objetivo enemigo. Participó en 106 misiones y al terminar la guerra era comandante del 99no Escuadrón de Combate. Condecorado con dos Cruces de Vuelo Distinguido, una Estrella de Bronce, la Legión de Mérito y trece Medallas Aéreas, se retiró del servicio con el grado de coronel en 1970.
The Harmon Foundation, a philanthropic organization based in New York City and active from (1922-1967) included this portrait in their exhibition “Portraits of Outstanding Americans of Negro Origins” which documented noteworthy African Americans’ contributions to the country. Modeling their goal of social equality, the Harmon sought portraits from an African-American artist, Laura Wheeler Waring and Euro-American artist, Betsy Graves Reyneau. The two painters followed the conventional codes of academic portraiture, seeking to convey their sitters extraordinary accomplishments. This painting, along with a variety of educational materials, toured nation-wide for ten years serving as a visual rebuttal to racism.
La Harmon Foundation, entidad filantrópica activa entre 1922 y 1967 con sede en New York, incluyó este retrato en su exposición “Portraits of Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin”. A tono con sus aspiraciones de igualdad social y de documentar las vidas de afroamericanos notables, la fundación había encargado los retratos a una artista afroamericana, Laura Wheeler Waring, y a otra euroamericana, Betsy Graves Reyneau. La exposición viajó por la nación a lo largo de diez años.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
The Struggle for Justice
On View
NPG, West Gallery 220
Usage
Usage conditions apply