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Horatio Gates

Artist
James Peale, 1749 - 24 May 1831
Copy after
Charles Willson Peale, 15 Apr 1741 - 22 Feb 1827
Sitter
Horatio Gates, 1728 - 10 Apr 1806
Date
c. 1782
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
Stretcher: 58.4 x 48.3 x 2.5cm (23 x 19 x 1")
Frame: 77.5 x 67.3 x 5.1cm (30 1/2 x 26 1/2 x 2")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of Mr. Lawrence A. Fleischman
Object number
NPG.69.50
Culture
Horatio Gates: European\British\English
Exhibition Label
Horatio Gates, a professional soldier in the British army, fought in the French and Indian War and rose to the rank of major before peace put an end to his advancement. In 1772 he sold his commission and purchased a farm in Virginia. Upon the outbreak of war with England, Congress promptly appointed him a brigadier general in the Continental army.
Gates was awarded a congressional gold medal for his "brave and successful efforts" to bring about the surrender of General John Burgoyne and his whole army at Saratoga in September 1777. But his reputation was ruined by his ignominious defeat at Camden in 1780. "Was there ever so precipitate a flight," jested Alexander Hamilton about Gates's hasty retreat. "It does admirable credit to the activity of a man at his time of life."
Provenance
Estate of Isabelle Middleton Hanchin; (another New York dealer); (Kennedy Galleries, Inc., New York); purchased with gift from Lawrence A. Fleischman 1969.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
American Origins
On View
NPG, East Gallery 144