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John D. Rockefeller

Artist
Paul Howard Manship, 24 Dec 1885 - 31 Jan 1966
Sitter
John Davison Rockefeller, Sr., 8 Jul 1839 - 23 May 1937
Date
1918
Type
Sculpture
Medium
Plaster
Dimensions
Object: 54.6 x 48.3 x 27.9cm (21 1/2 x 19 x 11")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the Smithsonian American Art Museum; gift of the artist, 1965
Object number
NPG.70.32
Exhibition Label
John D. Rockefeller once remarked, "The only question with wealth is, what do you do with it?" By 1913, Rockefeller, a founder of the Standard Oil Company, had amassed an estimated $900 million, earned from an aggressive reorganization of the oil industry, which granted his company a virtual monopoly and him a tough reputation. An emblem of self-made success, the controversial tycoon rehabilitated his reputation in later years by supporting charitable causes such as medicine, education, and the Baptist Church. Paul Manship's bust reflects the transformation, depicting Rockefeller as a generous benefactor rather than a ruthless industrialist.
Provenance
Paul Manship [1885-1966]; gift to National Collection of Fine Arts (now Smithsonian American Art Museum) 1965; transferred to NPG 1970
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
American Origins
On View
NPG, East Gallery 123