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Nicholas Biddle

Artist
E. Luigi Persico, 1791 - 1860
Sitter
Nicholas Biddle, 8 Jan 1786 - 27 Feb 1844
Date
1838? cast after 1837 original
Type
Sculpture
Medium
Plaster
Dimensions
Socle footprint: 28.6 x 20.3cm (11 1/4 x 8")
Object w/out socle: 54.6 x 38.1 x 1.6cm (21 1/2 x 15 x 5/8")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Museum of American History; gift of Elizabeth Porter Fearing
Object number
NPG.71.32
Exhibition Label
Born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Congress’ failure to recharter the Bank of the United States and the soaring inflation following the War of 1812 led merchants and many in government to call for a new national bank. The Second National Bank was chartered in 1816. In 1822 Nicholas Biddle was selected to be the bank’s president, which made him one of the most powerful men in the nation. He was able to guide the economy through a spectacular period of growth, but President Andrew Jackson viewed him as bending the acts of government for the “rich and powerful.” Jackson vetoed the bank’s charter in 1832.
Provenance
Elizabeth Porter Fearing; gift to National Museum of American History; transferred to NPG 1971
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
American Origins
On View
NPG, East Gallery 136