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Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie
Artist
Unidentified Artist
Sitter
Andrew Carnegie, 25 Nov 1835 - 11 Aug 1919
Date
c. 1905
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
Stretcher: 128.3 x 101.9 x 3.8cm (50 1/2 x 40 1/8 x 1 1/2")
Frame: 150.5 x 125.7 x 5.1cm (59 1/4 x 49 1/2 x 2")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Margaret Carnegie Miller
Object number
NPG.74.44
Exhibition Label
The individual who amasses great wealth, declared Pittsburgh steelmaker Andrew Carnegie in his 1889 essay "Gospel of Wealth," must in the end apply his fortune for the benefit of all. Having built one of the world's largest fortunes, Carnegie took his mandate seriously. During his lifetime, he turned over a staggering $350 million, or nine-tenths of his total wealth, for benevolent purposes. Carnegie's unprecedented largesse was matched only by its social impact. His Teachers Pension Fund raised instructional standards in colleges; his many library endowments provided Americans with a national system of public libraries; and the Carnegie Corporation, established in 1911, became the prototype for the great philanthropic foundations of the modern day. During the last years of his life, Carnegie devoted his energies to world peace, encouraging the great powers to settle their conflicts through arbitration rather than war.
Provenance
Margaret Carnegie Miller, Fairfield, Conn., daughter of sitter; gift 1974 to NPG
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
American Origins
On View
NPG, East Gallery 123
Usage