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John Jay

Artist
Gilbert Stuart, 3 Dec 1755 - 9 Jul 1828
John Trumbull, 6 Jun 1756 - 10 Nov 1843
Sitter
John Jay, 12 Dec 1745 - 17 May 1829
Date
Begun 1784; completed by 1818
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
Other: 128.3 x 101.6cm (50 1/2 x 40")
Frame: 150.5 x 122.6 x 12.1cm (59 1/4 x 48 1/4 x 4 3/4")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number
NPG.74.46
Exhibition Label
President George Washington chose John Jay to be the first chief justice of the United States. Jay had played an important part in negotiating the treaty bringing the Revolution to a close, and was the postwar secretary of foreign affairs. An advocate for a stronger national government, Jay had helped persuade New Yorkers to ratify the Constitution, contributing five newspaper essays to the series that became known as the Federalist Papers.
In 1794 when war with England threatened, Washington sent Chief Justice Jay to London to defuse the crisis. The treaty that Jay negotiated, which Jeffersonian Republicans seized upon as a repudiation of America's wartime alliance with France and a return to English dominance, set off the cry of "Damn John Jay." Nonetheless the controversial Jay Treaty avoided a war that the young republic was ill-equipped to wage.
Provenance
John Jay, Williamstown, Mass.; purchased 1974 NPG
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
American Origins
On View
NPG, East Gallery 140