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Representative Women

Artist
L. Schamer, active c. 1870
Lithographer
Louis Prang Lithography Company, active 1856 - 1899
Sitter
Lucretia Coffin Mott, 3 Jan 1793 - 11 Nov 1880
Sara Jane Clarke Lippincott, 23 Sep 1823 - 20 Apr 1904
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 12 Nov 1815 - 26 Oct 1902
Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, 28 Oct 1842 - 22 Oct 1932
Susan Brownell Anthony, 15 Feb 1820 - 13 Mar 1906
Mary Ashton Rice Livermore, 19 Dec 1820 - 23 May 1905
Lydia Maria Francis Child, 11 Feb 1802 - 20 Oct 1880
Date
1870
Type
Print
Medium
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions
Image: 41 × 32 cm (16 1/8 × 12 5/8")
Sheet: 60.5 × 50.8 cm (23 13/16 × 20")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number
NPG.77.196
Exhibition Label
Representative Women
Between 1860 and 1880, it became common for American reformers to gather on stages—then called lyceums—to promote abolition, temperance, education reform, and women’s rights. Lyceum associations allowed suffragists to speak. In their lectures, suffragists addressed men and women of diverse backgrounds—across state, racial, and economic divides—and reached wider audiences than through women’s organizations alone.
Representative Women is a combinative portrait that brings together seven women who were active on the lecture circuit. The visual power of the image stems from its ability to reveal both the cohesiveness of the movement and the strong individual personalities within it. Clockwise from the top are portraits of Lucretia Coffin Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Mary Livermore, Lydia Maria Francis Child, Susan B. Anthony, and Sara Jane Lippincott, who surround the central figure of Anna Elizabeth Dickinson. At the time, Dickinson was more popular than Mark Twain and held the distinction of being the highest paid woman on the lecture circuit.
Entre 1860 y 1880 era común que los reformistas estadounidenses se reunieran en espacios que llamaban liceos para promover la abolición, la templanza, la reforma educativa y los derechos de la mujer. Las asociaciones de los liceos permitían hablar a las sufragistas. En estas conferencias podían
dirigirse a hombres y mujeres de diversos trasfondos geográficos, raciales y económicos, logrando alcanzar públicos más amplios que mediante las organizaciones femeninas.
Representative Women es un retrato combinado de siete mujeres que estuvieron activas en el circuito de conferencias. El poder visual de la imagen se debe a que revela tanto la cohesión del movimiento como la individualidad de las fuertes personalidades que lo componían. En dirección del reloj, desde arriba, vemos a Lucretia Coffin Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Mary Livermore, Lydia Maria Francis Child, Susan B. Anthony y Sara Jane Lippincott, quienes rodean a la figura central de Anna Elizabeth Dickinson. Para esa época, Dickinson era más popular que Mark Twain y ostentaba la distinción de ser la mujer mejor pagada del circuito de conferencias.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
Votes for Women: A Portrait of Persistence
On View
NPG, South Gallery 123