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Dorothea Lynde Dix

Artist
Unidentified Artist
Sitter
Dorothea Lynde Dix, 4 Apr 1802 - 18 Jul 1887
Date
c. 1849
Type
Photograph
Medium
Half-plate daguerreotype
Dimensions
Image: 14 x 10.8cm (5 1/2 x 4 1/4")
Case Open: 15.4 x 24.4 x 1.3cm (6 1/16 x 9 5/8 x 1/2")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number
NPG.77.261
Exhibition Label
Born Hampden, Maine
In 1841, teacher, humanitarian, and reformer Dorothea Dix launched a vigorous campaign to secure humane treatment for those afflicted with mental illness. At a time when such individuals were more often imprisoned and abused than cared for and treated, Dix became a tireless advocate for their welfare. Personally investigating the “cages, cellars, stalls, [and] pens” where sufferers were confined, she reported her findings in speeches and articles, as well as in the petitions she submitted to lawmakers. Thanks to her efforts, facilities for the mentally ill were greatly expanded and improved.
Nacida en Hampden, Maine
En 1841, la maestra, benefactora y reformista Dorothea Dix lanzó una enérgica campaña en pro de un trato compasivo para los que padecían alguna enfermedad mental. En una época en que a estas personas por lo general se las confinaba y maltrataba, en vez de darles cuidado y tratamiento médico, Dix fue una defensora incansable de su bienestar. Habiendo examinado personalmente las “jaulas, sótanos, cubículos [y] corrales” donde estos enfermos eran recluidos, Dix reportó sus hallazgos en conferencias, artículos y peticiones que remitió a los legisladores. Gracias a sus esfuerzos, se lograron expansiones y mejoras en las instalaciones para enfermos mentales.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
Women of Progress: Early Camera Portraits
On View
NPG, East Gallery 134