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First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation

First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation
Usage Conditions Apply
Artist
Alexander Hay Ritchie, 1822 - 1895
Copy after
Francis Bicknell Carpenter, 1830 - 1900
Sitter
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865
Edwin McMasters Stanton, 19 Dec 1814 - 24 Dec 1869
Salmon Portland Chase, 13 Jan 1808 - 7 May 1873
Gideon Welles, 1 Jul 1802 - 11 Feb 1878
Caleb Blood Smith, 16 Apr 1808 - 7 Jan 1864
Montgomery Blair, 10 May 1813 - 27 Jul 1883
Edward Bates, 4 Sep 1793 - 25 Mar 1869
William Henry Seward, 16 May 1801 - 15 Oct 1872
Date
1866
Type
Print
Medium
Stipple engraving on paper
Dimensions
Image: 53 × 82.2cm (20 7/8 × 32 3/8")
Sheet: 69.5 × 96.5cm (27 3/8 × 38")
Mat: 76.8 x 101.6cm (30 1/4 x 40")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Gallery of Art; gift of Mrs. Chester E. King
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
Object number
NPG.78.109
Exhibition Label
The First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation Before the Cabinet
In spite of vocal prodding from abolitionists, President Lincoln steadfastly refused to make the abolition of slavery a northern goal in the early stages of the Civil War, lest it alienate the slaveholding border states that remained loyal to the Union. By mid-1862, however, Lincoln’s concern for enhancing the moral weight of the United States in the eyes of the world convinced him that it was time to act. In September 1862, he announced the Emancipation Proclamation, to take effect on January 1, 1863, and declared all slaves free in those regions of the South still in rebellion.
This lithograph is based on a painting by Francis Bicknell Carpenter and recreates the cabinet meeting Lincoln held on July 22, 1862, where he read the first draft of his proclamation.
Primera lectura de la Proclamación de Emancipación ante el gabinete
A pesar de las incitaciones públicas de los abolicionistas, el presidente Lincoln rehusó con firmeza presentar la abolición de la esclavitud como meta del norte en las primeras etapas de la Guerra Civil, temiendo que ello fuera a distanciar a los estados esclavistas fronterizos, que todavía permanecían fieles a la Unión. Sin embargo, hacia mediados de 1862, preocupado por realzar la estatura moral de Estados Unidos a los ojos del mundo, Lincoln decidió que era hora de actuar. En septiembre de 1862 promulgó la Proclamación de Emancipación, que entraría en vigencia el 1 de enero de 1863, y declaró libres a todos los esclavos en las zonas sureñas rebeldes.
Esta litografía se basa en una pintura de Francis Bicknell Carpenter y recrea la reunión de gabinete convocada por Lincoln el 22 de julio de 1862, en la cual leyó su primera versión de la proclama.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection