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Carl Schurz

Carl Schurz
Usage Conditions Apply
Napoleon Sarony, 9 Mar 1821 - 9 Nov 1896
Carl Schurz, 2 Mar 1829 - 14 May 1906
c. 1876
Albumen silver print
Image/Sheet: 14.1 x 9.7cm (5 9/16 x 3 13/16")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6cm (18 x 14")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
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Exhibition Label
In 1876 newly elected President Rutherford B. Hayes selected Carl Schurz to head the Department of the Interior. A former reform-minded senator from Missouri, Schurz inherited a position that had been rife with controversy during the previous administration. In particular, corruption was rampant throughout the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the War Department was eager to take away oversight of this agency from the Department of the Interior. Schurz resisted and consequently succeeded in changing public perceptions regarding the Indian Bureau. Having immigrated to America as a young man, Schurz believed strongly in assimilation, and he used his position to promote the acculturation of Native Americans. He also continued to support their relocation to reservations, a policy that he saw as vital to their "progress" but which drew much criticism.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
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