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The Café and Courtyard will be closed Sunday, Nov. 17 in preparation for a special event. The museums will close at 5:00 pm, at which point visitors will be directed to exit through the building’s F street lobby. The G street exit and ramp will remain accessible to those who need it. We apologize for any inconvenience.

Andrew Oliver

John Singleton Copley, 3 Jul 1738 - 9 Sep 1815
Andrew Oliver, 28 Mar 1706 - 3 Mar 1774
c. 1758
Oil on copper
Frame: 21 x 18.4 x 1.9cm (8 1/4 x 7 1/4 x 3/4")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Conserved with funds from the Smithsonian Women's Committee Frame conserved with funds from the Smithsonian Women's Committee
Object number
Exhibition Label
Although Andrew Oliver, a Massachusetts colonial officeholder of nearly thirty years' standing, regarded the Stamp Act as a "public Misfortune," he agreed to accept the office of collector of stamps. After a mob swarmed over his garden, violated his house, and threatened his life, Oliver gave the impression that he would resign his post. When he did not, his effigy was hung from the Liberty Tree, the site of patriotic protest. While standing under the tree in the rain, Oliver was forced to swear that he would take no measures for enforcing an act "which is so grievous to the People."
(Hirschl & Adler Galleries, Inc., New York); purchased 1978 NPG
Provenance compiled by Hirschl & Adler: Andrew Oliver, the sitter; his son Andrew Oliver, Jr.; his son B. Lynde Oliver, Salem; his nephew B. Lynde Oliver; purchased 1844 by a nephew Fitz-Edward Oliver;his sister Sarah Pynchon Oliver; purchased by her nephew Andrew Oliver; William H.P. Oliver, Morristown, N.J.; his three sons Peter, Seabury and Andrew Oliver; Seabury Oliver, great-great-great grandson of sitter.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
American Origins
On View
NPG, East Gallery 144