With Socle: 70.5 x 47 x 25.4cm (27 3/4 x 18 1/2 x 10")
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
"Be ashamed to die until you have won some victory of humanity," Horace Mann told the graduating class at Antioch College, just months before his own death. Mann's greatest victories had been achieved during his years as secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education (1837-48), when he revolutionized a faltering school system by improving the curriculum, persuading the legislature to appropriate more money for salaries and buildings, and establishing the country's first teacher-training institutions. Free public education, Mann proclaimed, was essential, at a time of increased immigration and expanding democracy, to the good order and prosperity of society.
(C. G. Sloan & Co., February 17, 1978), Washington, DC; purchased NPG 1978