Skip to main content

Winfield S. Hancock

Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894
Chicago Albumen Works
Winfield Scott Hancock, 14 Feb 1824 - 9 Feb 1886
c. 1862 (printed 2011)
Modern albumen print from wet plate collodion negative
Image: 8.9 × 6 cm (3 1/2 × 2 3/8")
Sheet: 12.8 × 10.3 cm (5 1/16 × 4 1/16")
Mat: 35.6 × 28.1 cm (14 × 11 1/16")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Frederick Hill Meserve Collection
Object number
Exhibition Label
Born Montgomery Square, Pennsylvania
By the time the Union and Confederate armies met at Gettysburg in July 1863, Winfield Scott Hancock had served in the Peninsula Campaign with General George McClellan and ably led troops in heavy fighting at Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville. On the first day at Gettysburg, Hancock claimed much of the high ground for Union forces by establishing a line of defense that snaked around Culp’s and Cemetery Hills and continued to the south, along Cemetery Ridge to Little Round Top. Despite repeated Confederate assaults, Hancock’s defenses held and were a deciding factor in the Union army’s victory. Often in the thick of the fight, Hancock was badly wounded during Pickett’s charge and did not return to duty for some months. He served in the Virginia campaigns of 1864—from the Battle of the Wilderness to the siege of Petersburg—until poor health forced him to give up his field command.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection