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James B. McPherson

Attribution
Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894
Printer
Chicago Albumen Works
Sitter
James Birdseye McPherson, 14 Nov 1828 - 22 Jul 1864
Date
c. 1862 (printed 2011)
Type
Photograph
Medium
Modern albumen print from wet plate collodion negative
Dimensions
Image: 9.4 × 5.9 cm (3 11/16 × 2 5/16")
Sheet: 12.8 × 10.2 cm (5 1/16 × 4")
Mat: 35.6 × 28 cm (14 × 11")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Frederick Hill Meserve Collection
Object number
NPG.81.M272.D1
Exhibition Label
Born near Clyde, Ohio
A West Point–trained engineer, James B. McPherson began his Civil War service overseeing harbor fortifications in Boston. By the autumn of 1861, however, he had secured field duty in Missouri as an aide-de-camp and assistant engineer to General Henry W. Halleck. The following February, McPherson came under General Ulysses S. Grant’s command. He served ably as Grant’s chief engineer during the campaign against Forts Henry and Donelson, at the Battle of Shiloh, and in action at Corinth, Mississippi. Promoted rapidly to the rank of major general, McPherson became one of the youngest corps commanders in the Union army when Grant gave him charge of the Seventeenth Corps in January 1863. After distinguishing himself at Vicksburg and later assuming command of the Army of Tennessee, McPherson lost his life in a skirmish on July 22, 1864, while supporting General William T. Sherman’s army in the Battle of Atlanta.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Place
United States\District of Columbia\Washington