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Anna Elizabeth Dickinson

Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894
Chicago Albumen Works
Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, 28 Oct 1842 - 22 Oct 1932
1863 (printed later)
Modern albumen print from wet plate collodion negative
Image: 8.8 × 6.2 cm (3 7/16 × 2 7/16")
Sheet: 12.7 × 10.2 cm (5 × 4")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Frederick Hill Meserve Collection
Object number
Exhibition Label
Born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Acclaimed as “The Girl Orator” by radical reformer William Lloyd Garrison, Anna Elizabeth Dickinson was still in her teens when she launched her public- speaking career. An ardent abolitionist and women’s rights advocate, she first found receptive audi- ences in Philadelphia, where she spoke before the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society (1860) and later delivered an address titled “The Rights and Wrongs of Women” (1861). On the lecture circuit, Dickinson built a following among listeners captivated by her intensity, youth, and dedication to reform. She campaigned effectively for Republican candidates, and in 1863, she joined Frederick Douglass in promoting African American enlistment in the Union Army. On January 16, 1864, at the invitation of Congressional Republicans, Dickinson became the first woman to speak before the U.S. House of Representatives. In her address, she lauded the contributions of African Americans to the war effort and endorsed the reelection of President Lincoln.
Nacida en Filadelfia, Pensilvania
Proclamada como “la niña oradora” por el reform- ista radical William Lloyd Garrison, Anna Elizabeth Dickinson era aún adolescente cuando comenzó su carrera. Ferviente abolicionista y defensora de los derechos de la mujer, encontró sus prim- eros públicos en Filadelfia, donde habló ante la Sociedad Antiesclavista de Pensilvania (1860) y luego pronunció un discurso titulado “Los derechos y agravios de la mujer” (1861). En el circuito de conferencias cultivó admiradores que la escuchaban cautivados por su intensidad, juventud y compro- miso de reforma. Hizo campaña por los candidatos republicanos y en 1863 se unió a Frederick Douglass para promover el alistamiento de los afroamericanos en el Ejército de la Unión. El 16 de enero de 1864, a invitación de los republicanos del Congreso, Dickinson fue la primera mujer que habló ante la Cámara de Representantes del país. Allí elogió las aportaciones de los afroamericanos a la guerra y endosó la reelección del presidente Lincoln.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
American Origins
On View
NPG, East Gallery 110b
Storied Women of the Civil War Era
On View
NPG, East Gallery 110b