Financier Bernard Baruch never held elected office, but as an adviser to every president from Woodrow Wilson to John F. Kennedy, he helped to influence public policy for decades. After amassing a fortune in the stock market, Baruch made the transition from Wall Street to Washington in 1916, when Woodrow Wilson named him to the Advisory Commission of the Council for National Defense. Following the United States's entry into World War I, Baruch distinguished himself as chairman of the War Industries Board, where he masterminded the nation's wartime industrial mobilization. In peacetime, he remained a valued although often unofficial economic adviser who relished his behind-the-scenes role as "Democracy's silent partner." During World War II, Baruch counseled those tasked with the war mobilization effort, and in the postwar period, he served as the first U.S. representative to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission.