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Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks
Usage Conditions Apply
Marshall D. Rumbaugh, born 1948
Rosa Parks, 4 Feb 1913 - 24 Oct 2005
Painted limewood
With Base: 99.1 x 96.5 x 30.5cm (39 x 38 x 12")
Without Base: 94 x 88.9 x 18.4cm (37 x 35 x 7 1/4")
Base: 96.5 x 30.5cm (38 x 12")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
Object number
Exhibition Label
Born Tuskegee, Alabama
With a courageous act of civil disobedience, Rosa Parks sparked a challenge to segregation that culminated in one of the seminal victories of the modern civil rights movement. On December 1, 1955, while traveling on a public bus in Montgomery, Alabama, the seamstress was arrested for refusing the driver’s demand that she surrender her seat to a white male passenger. When Parks was convicted of violating local segregation laws, Montgomery’s African American community launched a massive one-day boycott of the city’s bus system. The boycott expanded with the help of Martin Luther King Jr. to last 382 days, ending only after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled bus segregation unconstitutional.
Nacida en Tuskegee, Alabama
Con un valeroso acto de desobediencia civil, Rosa Parks lanzó un desafío a la segregación racial que habría de culminar en una de las victorias fundamentales del movimiento moderno por los derechos civiles. El 1 de diciembre de 1955, cuando viajaba en un autobús público en Montgomery, Alabama, la costurera fue arrestada por negarse a la exigencia del conductor de que cediera su asiento a un pasajero blanco. Cuando la condenaron por violar las leyes locales de segregación, la comunidad afroamericana de Montgomery lanzó un boicot masivo de un día contra el sistema de autobuses de la ciudad. Con ayuda de Martin Luther King Jr., el boicot se extendió a 382 días, y solo se dio por terminado cuando el Tribunal Supremo de Estados.
Marshall D. Rumbaugh [b. 1948]; purchased NPG 1983
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
The Struggle for Justice
On View
NPG, West Gallery 220