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Rosa Parks

Artist
Marshall D. Rumbaugh, born 1948
Sitter
Rosa Parks, 4 Feb 1913 - 24 Oct 2005
Date
1983
Type
Sculpture
Medium
Painted limewood
Dimensions
With Base: 99.1 x 96.5 x 30.5cm (39 x 38 x 12")
Without Base: 94 x 88.9 x 18.4cm (37 x 35 x 7 1/4")
Base: 96.5 x 30.5cm (38 x 12")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number
NPG.83.163
Culture
Rosa Parks: American\African American
Exhibition Label
Born Tuskegee, Alabama
With a courageous act of civil disobedience, Rosa Parks sparked a challenge to segregation that culminated in one of the seminal victories of the modern civil rights movement. On December 1, 1955, while traveling on a public bus in Montgomery, Alabama, the seamstress was arrested for refusing the driver's demand that she surrender her seat to a white male passenger. When Parks was convicted of violating local segregation laws, Montgomery's African American community launched a massive one-day boycott of the city's bus system. The boycott expanded with the help of Martin Luther King Jr. to last 382 days, ending only after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled bus segregation unconstitutional.
Provenance
Marshall D. Rumbaugh [b. 1948]; purchased NPG 1983
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
The Struggle for Justice
On View
NPG, West Gallery 220