Skip to main content

Arthur St. Claire

Attribution
Jean Pierre Henri Elouis, 1755 - c. 1843
Sitter
Arthur St. Clair, 23 Mar 1737 - 31 Aug 1818
Date
c. 1795
Type
Painting
Medium
Watercolor on ivory
Dimensions
7cm x 5.4cm (2 3/4" x 2 1/8"), Accurate
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur St. Clair Johnson Conserved with funds from the Smithsonian Women's Committee
Object number
NPG.83.31
Culture
Arthur St. Clair: European\British\Scottish
Exhibition Label
Born Thurso, Caithness County, Scotland
Arthur St. Clair attained the rank of major general during the American Revolution. He was again given that rank in the American army in 1791, only to retire in 1792 after his troops were defeated by Indian tribes in the Northwest Territory. St. Clair’s portrait was painted in oils by the French artist Jean Pierre Henri Elouis in Philadelphia, and may have been intended as the basis for an engraving for public view; this miniature was probably created at the same time, but as a private keepsake.
Provenance
Arthur St. Clair Johnson and his wife Helen May Marcy Johnson [Mrs. Arthur St. Clair Johnson], San Diego; gift 1983 to NPG
The genealogy provided by the donor: The sitter; his daughter Louis St. Clair [Mrs. Samuel Robb]; their daughter Margaret Balfour Robb [Mrs. William T. Baldridge]; their daughter Mary Elizabeth Baldridge [Mrs. James H. Lane]; their daughter Anne Lane [Mrs. Amos D. Johnson]; their son Arthur St. Clair Johnson
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection