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The Café, the Explore Family Space and Courtyard will be closed Sunday, Nov. 17 in preparation for a special event. The museums will close at 5:00 pm, at which point visitors will be directed to exit through the building’s F street lobby. The G street exit and ramp will remain accessible to those who need it. We apologize for any inconvenience.

Robert E. Lee and his Generals

Goupil Lithography Company, active in America 1848 - 1884
Wade Hampton III, 28 Mar 1818 - 11 Apr 1902
James Ewell Brown Stuart, 6 Feb 1833 - 12 May 1864
Jubal Anderson Early, 3 Nov 1816 - 2 Mar 1894
Joseph Forney Johnston, 1843 - 1913
John Bell Hood, 29 Jun 1831 - 30 Aug 1879
Robert Edward Lee, 19 Jan 1807 - 12 Oct 1870
Ambrose Powell Hill, 9 Nov 1825 - 2 Apr 1865
Thomas Jonathan Jackson, 21 Jan 1824 - 10 May 1863
James Longstreet, 8 Jan 1821 - 2 Jan 1904
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, 28 May 1818 - 20 Feb 1893
John Hunt Morgan, 1 Jun 1825 - 4 Sep 1864
c. 1865
Lithograph with tintstone on paper
Image: 43.1 x 68.3 cm (16 15/16 x 26 7/8")
Sheet: 54.5 x 76.1 cm (21 7/16 x 29 15/16")
Mat: 64.1 x 87.6 cm (25 1/4 x 34 1/2") - can change to standard size D or E
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number
Exhibition Label
Lee’s reputation as a leader, and the swashbuckling way he won his major victories, was reflected on the generals he commanded: “Jeb” Stuart, James Longstreet, “Stonewall” Jackson, and others all became legendary. They deserved the plaudits. Yet they were not without fault, and Lee, who did not like personal confrontation, always had difficulty imposing his will on subordinates. The death of Stonewall Jackson deprived Lee of his most valued lieutenant, and he never found an adequate replacement either to command Jackson’s troops or to almost intuitively understand and execute Lee’s plans. Lee held a loose rein on his generals, trusting them as he did Jackson, but too frequently they let him down at crucial moments. This happened most notably at Gettysburg, where Stuart led the cavalry off on a wild goose chase and other generals were dilatory or recalcitrant.
Robert E. Lee y sus generales
La reputación de Lee como líder y la manera intrépida en que logró sus victorias más importantes se vio reflejada en los generales que comandaba: “Jeb” Stuart, James Longstreet, “muro de piedra” Jackson y otros, se volvieron todos legendarios. Ellos merecían los aplausos. Sin embargo, no estaban libres de culpa y Lee, a quien no le gustaba la confrontación personal, siempre tuvo dificultad para imponer su voluntad en sus subordinados. La muerte de "muro de piedra" Jackson despojó a Lee de su teniente más valorado; nunca encontró un reemplazo adecuado para comandar las tropas de Jackson o que entendiera casi intuitivamente y ejecutara los planes de Lee. Lee le dio rienda suelta a sus generales, confió en ellos como lo hizo con Jackson, pero lo decepcionaban muy frecuentemente en los momentos cruciales. Esto ocurría especialmente en Gettysburg, donde Stuart conducía la caballería hacia una persecución absurda y los otros generales eran dilatorios y recalcitrantes.
Goupil Lithography Company (activa 1848–84)
Litografía con piedra de tinta, alrededor de 1865
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
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National Portrait Gallery Collection