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John H. Surratt, John Wilkes Booth, and David E. Herold

John H. Surratt, John Wilkes Booth, and David E. Herold
Alternate Title
One Hundred Thousand Dollar Reward
Artist
Unidentified Artist
Sitter
John H. Surratt, 1844 - 1916
John Wilkes Booth, 26 Aug 1838 - 26 Apr 1865
David E. Herold, c. 1842 - 1865
Associated Person
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865
Date
1865
Type
Print
Medium
Printed Broadside with albumen silver prints
Dimensions
Image/Sheet: 61.4 × 31.9 × 1.6 cm (24 3/16 × 12 9/16 × 5/8")
Mat (Verified): 81.3 × 50.8 cm (32 × 20")
Topic
Poster
Broadside
John Wilkes Booth: Male
John Wilkes Booth: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor
John Wilkes Booth: Law and Law Enforcement\Criminal\Assassin
John H. Surratt: Male
John H. Surratt: Law and Law Enforcement\Criminal\Conspirator
David E. Herold: Male
David E. Herold: Law and Law Enforcement\Criminal\Conspirator
Portrait
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions & Rights
CC0
Object number
NPG.85.32
Exhibition Label
Abraham Lincoln’s assassination caused confusion, widespread panic, and anger in the North as well as foreboding in the South, as it anticipated a violent reaction if it turned out that John Wilkes Booth (1838–1865) had been acting on orders from the Confederacy. Wholesale roundups of suspected conspirators and sympathizers occurred in the weeks after the assassination. Union authorities identified the conspirators fairly quickly, however. It is evidence of the ongoing nature of the investigation that this “Wanted” poster correctly identifies John Wilkes Booth as the conspiracy’s prime mover. It flanks him with two of the lesser actors in the plot. David E. Herold (c. 1842–1865)­—misspelled “Harold” here—who had failed to assist another conspirator, Lewis Powell, escaped from the city with Booth. Both men eluded pursuit until April 26, when Union troops cornered them in a Virginia farmhouse. Herold surrendered, but Booth resisted and was shot and killed. John Surratt (1844–1919) successfully escaped the country but was captured and returned to the United States in 1867. He was tried for his part in the conspiracy and freed after a mistrial.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery