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Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm

Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm
Usage Conditions Apply
Richard Avedon, 15 May 1923 - 1 Oct 2004
Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm, 30 Nov 1924 - 1 Jan 2005
Jul 12, 1976
Gelatin silver print
Image: 25.4 x 20.1cm (10 x 7 15/16")
Sheet: 35.5 x 27.6cm (14 x 10 7/8")
Mat: 55.9 x 40.6cm (22 x 16")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; this acquisition was made possible by generous contributions from Jeane W. Austin and the James Smithson Society
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
© The Richard Avedon Foundation
Object number
Exhibition Label
Born Brooklyn, New York
Shirley Chisholm began her professional career as a teacher in New York City. But the racial and political acuity that her father fostered in her soon piqued her interest in politics. She served in the state’s General Assembly from 1964 to 1968, and in the latter year became the first black woman elected to Congress. Having won New York’s Twelfth District congressional seat, she became a leading voice for women’s rights and civil rights, and a spokesperson against the Vietnam War. She was also a cofounder of the National Organization for Women.
In 1972, Chisholm sought the Democratic Party nomination for the presidency. Although her bid was unsuccessful, her candidacy enabled her to raise issues of importance to African Americans and women and to forge the way for others. “The door is not open yet,” she said, “but it is ajar.”
Shirley Chisholm comenzó su vida profesional como maestra en la ciudad de Nueva York, pero la penetrante conciencia racial y política que le había inculcado su padre pronto la inclinó por la carrera política. Sirvió en la Asamblea General del estado desde 1964 hasta 1968, año en que se convirtió en la primera mujer de raza negra elegida para el Congreso. Como representante del duodécimo distrito congresional de Nueva York, fue una destacada defensora de los derechos civiles y femeninos, y una voz importante contra la guerra de Vietnam. También cofundó la National Organization for Women.
En 1972 Chisholm buscó la nominación presiden- cial por el Partido Demócrata. Aunque no triunfó, su candidatura le permitió plantear temas de impor- tancia para los afroamericanos y las mujeres, forjando el camino para otros. “La puerta no está abierta aún”, dijo, “pero sí entreabierta”.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
United States\New York\Kings\New York