Skip to main content

Martin Luther King, Jr. and Benjamin Spock

Benedict J. Fernandez, born 1936
Martin Luther King, Jr., 15 Jan 1929 - 4 Apr 1968
Benjamin McLane Spock, 2 May 1903 - Mar 1998
1967 (printed 1989)
Gelatin silver print
Image: 20.8 x 31.3cm (8 3/16 x 12 5/16")
Sheet: 27.9 x 35.2cm (11 x 13 7/8")
Mat: 40.6 x 55.9cm (16 x 22")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Eastman Kodak Professional Photography Division, the Engl Trust, and Benedict J. Fernandez
Restrictions & Rights
© Benedict J. Fernandez
Object number
Exhibition Label
March against the Vietnam War, New York City
King watched with growing dismay as U.S. military involvement in Vietnam escalated throughout 1965 and 1966. He abhorred the war on principle and worried that national resources needed to combat poverty and advance the cause of civil rights were being consumed by the Pentagon. Both as a Nobel Peace Prize recipient and as the world’s foremost advocate for nonviolence, King felt compelled to take a public stand against the war.
In an impassioned address delivered at New York City’s Riverside Church on April 4, 1967, he denounced U.S. action in Vietnam, declaring, "If America’s soul becomes totally poisoned, part of the autopsy must read Vietnam." On April 15, King walked arm in arm with Dr. Benjamin Spock (left) and Monsignor Charles Owen Rice of Pittsburgh (right) as they and thousands of protesters marched from Central Park to the United Nations Plaza, where King addressed a mammoth antiwar rally.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
United States\New York\Kings\New York