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Daniel Webster

Artist
Francis Alexander, 3 Feb 1800 - 27 Mar 1880
Sitter
Daniel Webster, 18 Jan 1782 - 24 Oct 1852
Date
1835
Type
Painting
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
Stretcher: 76.2 x 63.5 x 3.8cm (30 x 25 x 1 1/2")
Frame: 95.3 x 82.6 x 7.6cm (37 1/2 x 32 1/2 x 3")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; bequest of Mrs. John Hay Whitney
Object number
NPG.98.71
Exhibition Label
If John C. Calhoun was the South's leading advocate of states' rights, New England's Daniel Webster was easily its most celebrated opponent. Endowed with an imposingly broad brow that seemed to underscore his eloquence in the Senate and courtroom, Webster was unmatched in his gift for speaking. In 1830 he held his audience enthralled as he turned an exchange with South Carolina senator Robert Hayne into a debate over states' rights. Ending his oration with "Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable," he left his listeners spellbound, and it was many minutes before any dared to speak. From that moment, Webster was for many a living emblem of national unity.
Francis Alexander painted this portrait in 1835 to commemorate Webster's role in an 1818 Supreme Court case that protected Dartmouth College's charter from being negated.
Provenance
The sitter; his wife, Caroline LeRoy Webster; Mary Tynan, a servant in the Webster's household, by 1888; (a “curiosity and junk shop,” New York); purchased by George S. Hellman by 1902; offered at auction by Hellman at The Anderson Galleries, New York on November 21, 1919; Hackett Galleries, New York, by 1930; sold around 1930 to John Hay Whitney; Betsey Cushing Whitney, his wife; Bequest of Betsey Cushing Whitney 1998
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition
American Origins
On View
NPG, East Gallery 110c