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Joseph Stilwell

Ernest Hamlin Baker, 1889 - 1975
Gen. Joseph Warren Stilwell, 19 Mar 1883 - 12 Oct 1946
Gouache and graphite pencil on paperboard
Sheet: 31.8 x 28.9cm (12 1/2 x 11 3/8")
Image: 24.4 x 21.9cm (9 5/8 x 8 5/8")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9cm (28 x 22")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; purchased with funds from Rosemary L. Frankeberger
Restrictions & Rights
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number
Exhibition Label
Stationed three times in China in the 1920s and 1930s, General Joe Stilwell knew the country's culture well and had thoroughly mastered its language. So, at the outbreak of World War II, he was a natural for his dual appointment as commander of American forces in China, Burma, and India and chief of staff to China's Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Stilwell's mission was to coordinate American forces and resources with China's army to drive Japan out of Southeast Asia. Unfortunately, Chiang Kai-shek felt that it was largely up to the Americans to accomplish that aim while he directed his own forces to protecting his regime against its internal rival, the Chinese Communists. As a result, Stilwell was constantly frustrated in his main purpose, and at Chiang Kai-shek's insistence in late 1944, he was removed from his post.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
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