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Samuel Griffin

Samuel Griffin
Cosmo John Alexander, 1724 - 1772
Samuel Griffin, 1746 - 1810
Formerly identified as
Cyrus Griffin, 1748 - 1810
Oil on canvas
76.2 x 63.5 cm (30 x 25")
Stretcher: 76.4 × 63.2 × 2.9 cm (30 1/16 × 24 7/8 × 1 1/8")
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; bequest of Alice Dulany Ball
Restrictions & Rights
Object number
Exhibition Label
Born Richmond County, Virginia
In 1770, when the Scottish portraitist Cosmo Alexander was in Williamsburg, Virginia, he painted the wealthy enslaver Samuel Griffin. Born into privilege, Griffin studied classics and law, was admitted to the Virginia bar, and worked as a lawyer. He is best known, however, for his role as a colonel during the Revolutionary War. Serving as aide-decamp to General Charles Lee, Griffin helped change the course of the war in 1776 when he led several hundred militia and Virginia regulars into Mount Holly, New Jersey, to distract enemy troops. His action allowed General George Washington to cross the Delaware River, which led to the Continental Army’s first major victory at the Battle of Trenton.
As a Federalist, Griffin represented Williamsburg in the Virginia Assembly (1786–88) before Virginians elected him to the First Federal Congress in 1789. He was reelected to Congress twice more but declined to run again in 1796.
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Out of Many: Portraits from 1600 to 1900
On View
NPG, East Gallery 144