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William S. Soule photographs of American Indians and camps in Kansas and Oklahoma, 1867-1874

Soule, William S (William Stinson) 1836-1908
Collection descriptions
Physical Description
Album : 92 prints : silver gelatin
Album : circa 85 prints : albumen
42 prints : silver gelatin
30 prints : albumen (mostly cabinet cards)
Local number
NAA Photo Lot 3912
Kiowa Apache Indians
Cheyenne Indians
Kiowa Indians
Wichita Indians
Comanche Indians
Arapaho Indians
Caddo Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Indians of North America Southern States
Digital surrogates are available online. Copy negatives are on file for all the subjects in this album, although not necessarily copied from these particular prints.
Additional Soule photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4599, MS 4791, MS 2531, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 97-6, and the BAE historical negatives.
Correspondence from Henry G. Peabody and Lucia Soule relating to this collection held in the National Anthropological Archives in the Bureau of American Ethnology general correspondence.
The Huntington Library Photo Archives holds the Henry G. Peabody Collection of Photographs and Negatives.
Lucia A. Soule also donated a Lincoln peace medal, which was transferred to the US National Museum, Department of History, in Accession 205943.
William Stinson Soule (1836-1908) was the photographer at Fort Sill (now in Oklahoma) from its founding in 1869 to the end of the Indian campaigns in 1874-1875. Soule moved from New England circa 1868, first working as a photographer at Fort Dodge, Kansas, then at Camp Supply with General Philip Sheridan's campaigning troops. As the photographer for the United States Army at Fort Sill, he photographed the construction of the fort as well as many of the people and events associated with the Indian Wars. Soule left Fort Sill in 1875 to return to Boston where he joined his brother's Soule Photograph Co. and then operated the Soule Art Company until his death.
Digital surrogate of inventory and letters from Henry G. Peabody available online.
Album of silver gelatin prints, originally MS 3912-A, was obtained in February 1937 from Henry G. Peabody, a Pasadena, CA, publisher of educational slides and films. In a letter dated March of that year, Peabody states that he was became acquainted with W. S. Soule in 1886, when Soule was senior partner in the Soule Photographic Co. in Boston.
Album of albumen prints as well as some of the unmounted prints and cabinet cards, originally MS 3912-b, was donated by Lucia A. Soule, William S. Soule's daughter, in May 1955.
Eighteen cabinet cards, originally MS 3912-c, may have been collected in the Bureau of American Ethnology over many years and from various sources. One copy of the portrait of Big Bow is marked for the printer in James Mooney's handwriting, and was used in the BAE's 17th Annual Report.
Collection previously filed as MS 3912-a, MS 3912-b, and MS 3912-c. Merged and changed to a photo lot in April 2013.
The photographs were initially filed by tribe in Photo Lot 24, or NAA's "Source Print Collection."
Addl. KW Subjects
Plains Apache
Photographs by William S. Soule depicting American Indians and camps in the vicinity of Fort Dodge, Kansas and Camp Supply and Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Documented tribes include Arapaho, Caddo, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, Kiowa-Apache, and Wichita Indians.
One albumen print mounted on a card with C. W. Carter's photographer imprint, though the photograph was made by Soule. One album includes silver gelatin prints made from original Soule negatives by Henry G. Peabody.
Cite as
Photo Lot 3912, William S. Soule photographs of American Indians and camps in Kansas and Oklahoma, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Repository Loc.
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland
Data Source
National Anthropological Archives
See more items in
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
William S. Soule photographs of American Indians and camps in Kansas and Oklahoma (formerly MS 3912-a) 1867-1874
William S. Soule photographs of American Indians and camps in Kansas and Oklahoma (formerly MS 3912-b) 1867-1874
William S. Soule photographs of American Indians and camps in Kansas and Oklahoma (formerly MS 3912-c) 1867-1874
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