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William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians, circa 1877

collector and photographer
Jackson, William Henry 1843-1942
Gardner, Alexander 1821-1882
Vannerson, Julian 1827-
Whitney, Joel E (Joel Emmons) 1822-1886
M'Clees, Jas. E (James E.)
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno) 1823-1899
Easterly, Thomas M (Thomas Martin) 1809-1882
Bell, C. M (Charles Milton) approximately 1849-1893
Hillers, John K. 1843-1925
Chamberlain, W. G (William Gunnison)
Carter, C. W
Ulke, Henry 1821-1910
Westmann, Orloff R
Geological Survey (U.S.)
J. Gurney & Son
Savage & Ottinger
Hayden Survey
Powell-Thompson Survey
circa 1877
Collection descriptions
Physical Description
9 albums : circa 4000 prints : albumen (some copies)
Local number
NAA Photo Lot 4420
Apache Indians
Arapaho Indians
Arikara Indians
Bannock Indians
Brotherton Indians
Brulé Indians
Caddo Indians
Cherokee Indians
Cheyenne Indians
Chickasaw Indians
Chiricahua Indians
Choctaw Indians
Cochiti Indians
Comanche Indians
Creek Indians
Crow Indians
Dakota Indians
Delaware Indians
Fox Indians
Hopi Indians
Hunkpapa Indians
Iowa Indians
Jicarilla Indians
Keeche Indians
Kiowa Indians
Mandan Indians
Miami Indians
Miniconjou Indians
Missouri Indians
Modoc Indians
Mohave Indians
Montauk Indians
Navajo Indians
Nez Percé Indians
Oglala Indians
Ojibwa Indians
Omaha Indians
Osage Indians
Ottawa Indians
Oto Indians
Pawnee Indians
Pima Indians
Potawatomi Indians
Pueblo Indians
Santee Indians
Sauk Indians
Seminole Indians
Seneca Indians
Shawnee Indians
Shoshoni Indians
Sihasapa Indians
Sisseton Indians
Stockbridge Indians
Taos Indians
Tewa Indians
Tohono O'Odham Indians
Tonkawa Indians
Uinta Indians
Ute Indians
Waco Indians
Wahpeton Indians
Warm Spring Apache Indians
White Mountain Apache Indians
Wichita Indians
Winnebago Indians
Wyandot Indians
Yampa Indians
Yankton Indians
Yanktonai Indians
Zuni Indians
Indians of North America Great Basin
Indians of North America Great Plains
Indians of North America Northeast
Indians of North America Plateau
Indians of North America Southern States
Indians of North America Southwest, New
Digital surrogates for many of the photographs in Album 6 available online.
Original negatives for many of the photographs in this collection can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds William Henry Jackson photographs and negatives.
Additional Jackson photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4605, MS 4801, Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 29, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 93, Photo lot 143, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 87-20, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Correspondence from Jackson held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4517, MS 4881, MS 4821, and collections of personal papers.
William Henry Jackson (1843-1942) was an American painter, photographer and explorer. Born in New York, he sold drawings and retouched photographs from an early age. After serving in the Civil War, he opened a photography studio in Omaha, Nebraska, with his brother Edward. As photographer for the US Geological and Geographical Surveys (1870-1878), he documented the American west and published the first photographs of Yellowstone. When the surveys lost funding in 1879, Jackson opened a studio in Denver, Colorado, and also worked for various railroad companies. Many of Jackson's photographs were displayed at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago (1893), for which he was the official photographer.
Albums were probably maintained as part of the Bureau of American Ethnology archives. Volumes 1-5, which had been disbound, were reassembled into their original order by Margaret Blaker in March, 1954.
There are original or copy negatives in the Bureau of American Ethnology collection for all or nearly all of these photos. They were checked with the Bureau of American Ethnology file prints in September 1936 by Mae Tucker and, for the most part, Bureau of American Ethnology numbers have been marked in the albums. The albums have been given arbitrary numbers, starting with 1, to aid in citing individual photographs.
This collection contains images of subjects that may be culturally sensitive, such as human remains.
Collection previously filed as MS 4420, within Photo Lot 24, or NAA's "Source Print Collection." Changed to a separate photo lot in May 2013.
Addl. KW Subjects
Plains Apache
Creek (Muskogee)
Meskwaki; Sauk & Fox
Sauk & Fox
Brotherton; Brothertown
Papago (Tohono O'odham)
Ottawa (Odawa)
Pima (Akimel O'odham)
White River (Parusanuch and Yampa)
San Juan (Ohkay Owingeh)
Albums probably assembled by William Henry Jackson, mostly containing portraits of American Indian delegates in Washington, D.C. and photographs made on US Geological Surveys (including the Hayden and Powell surveys). Photographs from the field include John K. Hillers' photographs of the Southwest, photographs of Fort Laramie (possibly by Alexander Gardner), Orloff R. Westmann's photographs of Taos Pueblo, and Jackson's photographs of Crow, Shoshoni, Pawnee, and Nez Perce Indians and related sites. Most of the photographs were made circa 1860s-1870s.
The albums were likely made by Jackson while working under Ferdinand V. Hayden for the United States Geological Survey of the Territories. The reason for their creation is uncertain, though it may have been a project set up by Hayden or a continuation of William Henry Blackmore's tradition of publishing albums. Some of the albums include captions pasted from Jackson's Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians (1877) while others have handwritten captions.
Cite as
Photo Lot 4420, William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Repository Loc.
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland
Data Source
National Anthropological Archives
See more items in
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians circa 1877