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James Henri Howard Papers 1950-1982

Howard, James Henri 1925-1982
Adams, Richard Newbold
Allen, James H
Barksdale, Mary Lee
Battise, Jack
Blake, Leonard W
Brasser, Ted J
Bunge, Gene
Cavendish, Richard
Clifton, James A
Cree, Charlie
Davis, Edward Mott
Dean, Nora Thompson
De Busk, Charles R
DeMallie, Raymond
Ervin, Sam J Jr
Feder, Norman
Feest, Christian F
Feraca, Stephen E. 1934-
Fogelson, Raymond D
Garcia, Louis
Hayink, J
Hodge, William
Horn, Frances L
Iadarola, Angelo
Johnson, Michael G
Kraft, Herbert C
Kurath, Gertrude
Lindsey-Levine, Victoria
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich
Medford, Claude W
Nettl, Bruno 1930-
Opler, Morris Edward
Paredes, J. Anthony
Peterson, John H
Reed, Nelson A
Schleisser, Karl H
Smith, John L
Spier, Leslie
Sturtevant, William C
Swanton, John Robert
Swauger, James Lee
Turnbull, Colin
Weslager, C.A
Witthoft, John
Woolworth, Alan R
Lone Star Steel Company
Collection descriptions
Sound recordings
Works of art
Physical Description
10.25 linear feet (22 boxes, 1 map-folder)
15 sound recordings
Restrictions & Rights
This collection is open for research. Access to the James Henri Howard papers requires an appointment
Local number
NAA-MS 1994-30
Arikara Indians
Cherokee Indians
Cheyenne Indians
Chickasaw Indians
Choctaw Indians
Creek Indians
Dakota Indians
Delaware Indians
Iroquois Indians
Kickapoo Indians
Menominee Indians
Micmac Indians
Ojibwa Indians
Omaha Indians
Oto Indians
Pawnee Indians
Ponca Indians
Potawatomi Indians
Sauk and Fox
Seminole Indians
Seneca Indians
Shawnee Indians
Tonkawa Indians
Yanktonai Indians
Yuchi Indians
Indians of North America Northeast
Indians of North America Great Plains
Indians of North America Southern States
The processing of the James Henri Howard papers for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Howard's American Indian Cultural Collection of Costumes and Artifacts, that he acquired and created during his lifetime, is currently located at the Milwaukee Public Museum. In Boxes 19-21 of the James Henri Howard Papers, there are photographs with accompanying captions and descriptions in binders of his American Indian Cultural Collection of Costumes and Artifacts that his widow, Elfriede Heinze Howard, created in order to sell the collection to a museum.
James H. Howard was trained in anthropology at the University of Nebraska (B.A., 1949; M.A., 1950) and the University of Michigan (Ph.D., 1957). In 1950-1953, he served as archeologist and preparator at the North Dakota State Historical Museum; and, in 1955-1957, he was on the staff of the Kansas City (Missouri) Museum. During the summer of 1957, he joined the staff of the Smithsonian's River Basin Surveys. Between 1957 and 1963, he taught anthropology at the Universtity of North Dakota. Between 1963 and 1968, he served in several capacities with the University of South Dakota including assistant and associate professor, director of the Institute of Indian Studies (1963-1966), and Director of the W.H. Over Museum (1963-1968). In 1968, he joined the Department of Sociology at Oklahoma State University, where he achieved the rank of professor in 1970. In 1979, he was a consultant for exhibitions at the Western Heritage Museum in Omaha, Nebraska.
Howard's abiding interest were the people of North American, whom he studied both as an ethnologist and archeologist. Between 1949 and 1982, he worked with the Ponca, Omaha, Yankton and Yaktonai Dakota, Yamasee, Plains Ojibwa (or Bungi), Delaware, Seneca-Cayuga, Prairie Potatwatomi of Kansas, Mississipi and Oklahoma Choctaw, Oklahoma Seminole, and Pawnee. His interest in these people varied from group to group. With some he carried out general culture studies; with other, special studies of such phenomena as ceremonies, art, dance, and music. For some, he was interest in environmental adaptation and land use, the latter particularly for the Pawnee, Yankton Dakota, Plains Ojibwa, Turtle Mountain Chippewa, and Ponca for which he served as consultant and expert witness in suits brought before the United Stated Indian Claims Commisssion. A long-time museum man, Howard was also interested in items of Indian dress, articles associated with ceremonies, and other artifacts. He was "a thoroughgoing participant-observer and was a member of the Ponca Hethuska Society, a sharer in ceremonial activities of many Plains tribes, and a first-rate 'powwow man'." (American Anthropologist 1986, 88:692).
As an archeologist, Howard worked at Like-a-Fishhook Village in North Dakota, Spawn Mound and other sites in South Dakota, Gavin Point in Nebraska and South Dakota, Weston ahd Hogshooter sites in Oklahoma, and the Fortess of Louisbourg in Nova Scotia. He also conducted surveys for the Lone Star Steel Company in Haskall, Latimer, Le Flore and Pittsburg counties in Oklahoma.
Electronic finding aid available via the website of the National Anthropological Archives.
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James Henri Howard's wife, Elfriede Heinz Howard, in 1988-1990, 1992, & 1994.
Addl. KW Subjects
Creek (Muskogee)
This collection is arranged in 5 series: Series 1. Correspondence, 1960-1982; Series 2. Writings and Research, 1824-1992; Series 3. Sound Recordings, 1960-1979; Series 4. Photographs, 1879-1985; Series 5. Drawings and Artwork, 1928-1982
To a considerable degree, the James H. Howard papers consist of manuscript copies of articles, book, speeches, and reviews that document his professional work in anthropology, ethnology, ethnohistory, archeology, linguistics, musicology, and folklore between 1950 and 1982. Among these are a few unpublished items. Notes are relatively scant, there being somewhat appreciable materials for the Chippewa, Choctaw, Creek, Dakota, Omaha, Ponca, Seminole, and Shawnee. The chief field materials represented in the collection are sound recordings and photographs, but many of the latter are yet to be unidentified. A series of color photographs of Indian artifacts in folders are mostly identified and represent the extensive American Indian Cultural collection of costumes and artifacts that Howard acquired and created. Other documents include copies of papers and other research materials of colleagues. There is very little original material related to archeological work in the collection and that which is present concerns contract work for the Lone State Steel Company.
Cite as
James Henri Howard Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Repository Loc.
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland
Data Source
National Anthropological Archives
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James Henri Howard Papers 1950-1982
United States
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