The exhibition and publication are generously supported by:

Henry Luce Foundation
Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Studies Program
Marc Pachter Exhibition Fund
Florence Gould Foundation
Ella M. Foshay and Michael Rothfeld
Aaron and Barbara Levine
Mary McMorris and Leonard Santoro


Anne Collins Goodyear, associate curator of prints and drawings, National Portrait Gallery
James W. McManus, professor of art history, California State University, Chico

Web design

Benjamin Bloom, National Portrait Gallery

National Portrait Gallery

Amy Baskette
Bethany Bentley
Alexander Cooper
Beverly Cox
Louise Dawson
Dru Dowdy
Nekisha Durrett
Al Elkins


Rosemary Fallon
Todd Gardner
Lizanne Garrett
Charlotte Gaither
Molly Grimsley
Mark Gulezian
Julia Hahn
Sid Hart


Dale Hunt
Claire Kelly
Nello Marconi
John McMahon
Ed Myers
Mark Planisek
Jennifer Robertson
Ann Shumard


Wendy Wick Reaves
Kristin Smith
Christy Thorley
Tibor Waldner
Sherri Weil
Caroline Wooden

Special thanks to:

Marisa Bourgoin
Susan Anderson
Susan Cary
Frank H. Goodyear III
Julie Heath
Sean Kelly
Lani McManus


Janine Mileaf
Jackie Matisse Monnier
Francis M. Naumann
Jennifer E. Quick
Michael R. Taylor
Douglas Vogel




The curators wish to acknowledge with gratitude all of the institutions and individuals who lent objects for the exhibition.